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Excellent Dry Cargo Advice
« เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 14, 2021, 05:36:09 AM »
The general purpose and use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers
 
Many hazards were involved in the operation of sea-going bulk carriers. The safety of seagoing bulk carriers is the subject of meticulous preparation. This site serves as an easy reference for the international shipping industry and offers guidance and details on loading and discharging bulk cargo kinds. These limits are set by the classification societies. It is crucial to minimize the possibility of ship structure becoming stressed and to adhere to the safety requirements for safe passage at Sea. You might find useful information on bulk carrier topics on our pages of detail, both for those working on the sea as well as those working ashore.
 
General features for seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers could be single deck vessels. They come with top-side tanks and side tanks that hoppers can use. These tanks are used in cargo areas. They are made to carry solid bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo refers to anything other than liquids or gases comprised of a mixture of granules and particles. It can be loaded directly into cargo areas without any kind of confinement. These dry cargoes can include bulk grain, sugar and ore. Bulk carrier, in its broadest sense, refers to all ships which are designed specifically to transport bulk cargo such as liquid cargo or solid cargo. Tankers could also be included. In the normal context, the term is usually applied to vessels that transport bulk loads of solid goods such as grains and other agricultural commodities, as well as mineral products like coal ore, stone or coal on one or several voyage legs.   Click over to this obo carrier info for more.
 
 
 
What Is Bulk Carrier?
 
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
 
Capacity to carry that ranges from 3,000 to 300,000.
The average speed is 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers with medium to small size bulk (carrying capacities between 40,000 and 60,000 tonnes) typically come with equipment for handling cargo. However larger vessels can make use of shore-based -facilities to load or unload.
Cargo hold dimensions are usually vast without obstructions. They also have larger hatch sizes which allow for easy loading/unloading.
A single cargo hold is generally designated as a ballast storage. It can be utilized on ballast voyages for improved stability. Some additional holds could be permitted to allow partial ballasting, but only in port
They have single pull, hydraulic or stacking (piggy- back) type steel hatch covers
Quatre ballast tanks are the most common types.
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom of wing slopes downwards tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballast for peak and after peak water tank.
 
What is bulk cargo that is solid? Anything that isn't liquids and gases, made up of particles, granules, or larger chunks of material. They can be transported directly into cargo areas without any intermediary type of confinement. There are numerous cargoes transported by bulk carriers. They carry food as well as minerals that can react with one another as well as with water sources. To load the cargo, it is important to wash the area thoroughly. A surveyor may be needed to ensure that the space is ready to load. To prevent contamination, it's essential that all traces of prior cargoes are cleared. The bulk cargo is more vulnerable to water damage. This means that the holds need to be dry to allow cargo to enter. In addition the hatch covers should be sealed and watertight if necessary to prevent water intrusion. All fittings inside the hold (ladders pipe guards, ladders, bilge covers, etc.) In order to ensure that they're in good order and correctly fitted to the hold (ladders, pipe guards, bilge covers etc.) are to be checked. If they're not correctly fitted, the equipment can cause significant damage to conveyor systems which could cause delays. Click over to this supramax bulk carrier site for more.
 
 
 
Bulk Carrier, Bulker? The vessel is designed to carry dry cargo. Bulk carriers that are conventionally constructed with a single-deck with a single skin, a double bottom, and hopper side tank. Topside tanks inside cargo spaces are also included. Bulk carriers can transport all kinds of bulk cargo that ranges from heavy ore to light grains, up to an maximum weight. The process of loading, transporting and then the discharge of dry bulk cargo isn't as easy or straightforward as many people think.
 
Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes may have hazardous properties or may undergo modifications during transport. The ship can be easily damaged by improper loading e.g. There is a possibility for the ship to bow if not properly loaded. This is known as stress. When the weather is rough, this can cause dangerous problems on the sea. Other cargoes may also be affected by residuals from prior cargoes. Water damage can also have a devastating effects on certain bulk cargoes e.g. cement power. It is often difficult to determine the true amounts and weights of the cargoes that are being loaded or being unloaded. Each of these aspects can have an impact on the methods of operation to ensure the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes tend to form a cone if they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle of this cone, also known as the "angle for repose", varies with each cargo. Cargoes made of iron ore for instance, will form an angle-shaped cone. Cargoes that allow to move freely will form a cone with a shallow angle. A cargo that has low angles or repose could shift in its passage. Some cargoes will require bulldozers to distribute the load across the holdings. Dry-bulk carriers rely on shoreside facilities for loading and discharging cargo however certain bulk carriers offer self-unloading capabilities with conveyors underneath the cargo storage areas or cranes on the deck.

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